Dog’s Dental Care: How to Avoid and Treat Periodontal Disease

Are you a pet owner who isn’t aware that pet dogs brush teeth? Yes, you’ve read it right; according to our veterinarians, we must brush our dog’s teeth at least thrice a week as they likewise develop plaque and even tartar, just like people, because why not? The dog’s teeth have the same function as people, and the same risk applies to them. Here is some knowledge of a severe disease they can get if their teeth aren’t maintained well.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease in pet dogs is prevalent, and it is an inflammation and an infection of the periodontium, which is the structure of the teeth tissues. This disease sneaks below the gum area; visible indications are not visible most of the time and are because of the germs in the mouth that damage the bones, gums, and other structures of the teeth. It likewise brings pain and secondary effect on major organs if not treated. Those organs include the heart, kidneys, and potentially the liver.

Is this a common disease?

In a research study, more than two-thirds of dogs struggle with some degree of this illness, making it extremely common to affect them. Franklin vets believe that every dog is vulnerable to this illness, but the smaller-sized breed has a greater chance of getting it since smaller-sized teeth trap traces of food without difficulty. When mixed with saliva and germs that occupy the mouth, food within the teeth causes tartar and dental plaque.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

Plaque build-up and tartar in the teeth caused by inadequate oral hygiene can lead to a pet dog’s gingivitis, and this is the early stage of periodontal disease. In the early stages of gingivitis, mild redness in the gums and some plaque are present. And when it advances, there are swollen gums, loose teeth, and gum bleeding when brushing; This could cause gum illness if left without treatment.

How can it be prevented?

There is no other way to prevent it but to brush their teeth regularly. If you can do it as quite often as once a day, the better, but the minimum would be thrice a week. They may also go through oral prophylaxis for deep cleansing, which experts advise could do once a year, or better yet, look into registering your pet dog in a wellness plan for advanced veterinary care to secure the condition of their general health.

What is the proper treatment?

Treatment will be subject to the level of gum illness your pet dog has. Your veterinarian will likewise consider what your pet dog needs, the appropriate treatment and dosages, and its cost differ commonly. You might want to visit this page if you need guidance about veterinary dentistry and dental surgery. Your vet might need to put anesthesia on your pet dog and be analyzed if it is healthy enough to take it; there is always a small risk when an animal is prescribed an anesthetic agent. An oral procedure will begin that may consist of;

  • IV catheter and fluids
  • Taking full mouth x-rays
  • A set of oral radiographs
  • Endotracheal intubation
  • Scaling and polishing the gingival areas
  • Anesthesia monitoring
  • Discomfort Medication during and after the procedure

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