What are the Common Pet Diseases and Their Prevention?

Vaccination may help avoid a lot of dangerous pet illnesses. Viruses may be transmitted by the air, dust, or clothes, even if your pet is constantly kept inside. Vaccination at a vet clinic is a low-cost way to protect your pet against severe sickness, expensive treatment, and early death. It’s also important to remember that booster shots are required to maintain immunity.

Common Pet Illnesses

Prevention is usually quick and easy to implement. Let’s look at a few ailments that dogs and cats may get.


For Dogs

  • Distemper, hepatitis, and leptospirosis are common, infectious, and lethal illnesses. Vaccination is required since almost every dog will be exposed at some point in its life.


  • Tracheobronchitis, often known as canine cough, is an upper respiratory infection that produces a prolonged, dry, hacking cough. The illness may linger for many weeks and is very infectious, particularly if you’re displaying or boarding your horse.


  • Viral diarrhea, fever, vomiting, and sadness are symptoms of parvovirus and coronavirus infections in the intestines. Both are highly infectious and life-threatening diseases spread by direct contact with the excrement or urine of afflicted dogs.


  • Wherever mosquitoes are prevalent, heartworm is a life-threatening illness. Preventative medicine is required in this situation. However, your dog must be evaluated before beginning preventive medicine. Using preventive medication in an infected dog can result in death. Even if you take preventative medicine all year, annual testing is required.


 Looking for San Jose vet? Burbank Pet Hospital is a full-service pet hospital that provides comprehensive medical treatments for cats and dogs in San Jose and the surrounding regions.

For Cats

  • Feline leukemia, often known as FeLV, is currently the most significant cause of mortality among cats. FeLV weakens the cat’s immune system and makes it more vulnerable to infection. The cat frequently succumbs to sicknesses that it would otherwise be able to fight. To protect uninfected kittens, effective FeLV vaccinations are available, but they must be administered before 12 weeks.


  • Cat respiratory infections like rhinotracheitis, calici, and chlamydia are very infectious and ubiquitous. These illnesses are readily passed from one cat to the next. Your cat might be infected by another cat that seems healthy. Your cat’s chances of being exposed are high.


  • Distemper, or feline panleukopenia, is a highly infectious and sometimes lethal disease in cats. Depression, appetite loss, fever, vomiting, and diarrhea are some signs and symptoms. Distemper may be fatal in nine out of 10 cats. Because the illness is readily spread from cat to cat, the odds of your cat being infected are pretty high.


  • FIP is an incurable and generally deadly viral illness in cats. Your pet’s sole line of defense is vaccination.

Do you need a quick and accurate diagnosis of your pet’s internal medical condition? The in-house veterinary lab at Burbank Pet Hospital is equipped with cutting-edge technology.

Both Dogs and Cats

  • Rabies is a disease of the nervous system that affects all warm-blooded animals. It is incurable and lethal. It is a public health danger and a threat to all pet owners. Vaccination is the only way to protect yourself and your pet. At the age of four months, your pet should be vaccinated.


  • In addition, dental exams should be performed at least once a year. Periodontal disease is a severe illness that may affect the liver, kidneys, heart, teeth, and gums. For optimum pet health, regular inspection of the teeth and gums as part of yearly exams is required following your veterinarian’s dental home care guidelines.

What to expect during your pet’s physical exam? Read more here.

Get more stuff

Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox.

Thank you for subscribing.

Something went wrong.